Soccer Rules

A Complete Guide to Soccer Rules and Regulations

Author: Jomathews

When you’re watching your favorite team play on TV, it can be easy to forget how much strategy and thought goes into each game. From offside traps to corners, soccer has a lot of rules that may not make sense at first. A great game of soccer is an exhilarating experience for both players and spectators alike. But with so many rules and regulations in place, it can be hard to remember all of them while you’re watching from home. However, that’s where we come in. Soccer is one of the fastest-growing sports in the world today. It’s played by men, women, boys, and girls in almost every corner of the globe. And with so many fans flocking to this sport, there are plenty of resources available for those who want to learn as much about it as possible. In this blog post, we will cover everything you need to know about soccer rules and regulations: from field size and equipment requirements to common fouls and offside rules - read on to find out everything you need.


Soccer Equipment


There are a few basic pieces of equipment that are required in every game of soccer. At the start of each game, the referee will inspect each player’s equipment to ensure that it is within regulation. Shoes must be firm-soled and have no studs or grips on the bottom. Players are not allowed to wear boots that have metal plates or any other hard substances on the outside of them. If a player is wearing prohibited shoes, the referee can give them a yellow card. Players must also wear shin pads and socks that are long enough to be tucked into their footwear. Additionally, players are required to wear appropriate clothing. This includes shirts with sleeves, shorts that cover the knees, and appropriate footwear for the playing surface.


The Field


The size of the field will largely depend on the age and level of play. However, most fields fall between 100 and 130 yards long by 50 to 100 yards wide. When setting up for a game, two opposing teams will each defend a goal at either end of the field. Two touchlines run the length of the field, and two penalty boxes mark the front of each goal. The field is marked with lines, including a halfway line that separates each team’s half of the field. The goals are set up on a line that is six yards from the middle of each of the goal boxes. The goals consist of two vertical posts and a horizontal bar that is 18 inches wide, 24 inches high, and 4 inches thick. The posts and crossbar are made of wood, metal, or other rigid material. The goals are usually colored bright red, but they can be any color that contrasts with the field.


The Game: Players and Positions


There are a few positions on the field that you’ll see in a standard game of soccer. The positions are listed below with their standard responsibilities: 

Goalkeeper: The goalkeeper is the only player who is allowed to use their hands to touch the ball. They are also not allowed to be more than 6 yards away from the goal. 


1. Right Back


The right back is responsible for defending the right side of the field and helping out the central defenders when needed. 


2. Left Back


The left-back is responsible for defending the left side of the field and helping out the central defenders when needed. 


3. Central Defenders


The central defenders are responsible for marking and stopping any opposing attackers who try to break through the middle of the field. 


4. Center Midfielder


The center midfielder is responsible for passing the ball from the middle of the field to the forwards and other players on the team. 


5. Defensive Midfielder


The defensive midfielder is responsible for defending the central part of the field by marking opposing players and stopping any attacks that come through the center. 


6. Right Midfielder


The right midfielder is responsible for passing the ball from the right side of the field to the forwards and other players on the team. 


7. Left Midfielder


The left midfielder is responsible for passing the ball from the left side of the field to the forwards and other players on the team. 


8. Forwards


The forwards are responsible for scoring as many goals as possible. They start most attacks by receiving passes from the midfielders and trying to dribble towards the goal.


9. Offside Rule


The offside rule is a bit of a tricky one. It goes like this: If a team is in control of the ball and a player on that team is standing behind the farthest defending player, the linesman will raise the flag and call it “offside.” This is to make sure that the team in control of the ball is not playing an unfairly advantageous game. A player is considered “offside” if they are nearer to the opponent’s goal line than the ball and the two or more opposing players are ahead of the ball. A player is also offside if they are in the box, if the ball is played to another teammate who is in the box, and if the ball is deliberately kicked to him by a teammate. If offside is called, the player who was standing behind the defending player will be given a yellow card.


10. Soccer Fouls


Fouls are the most common way for officials to stop a game and give a yellow card to a player. Three types of fouls can lead to a yellow card. These include: 

  • Tripping: Tripping happens when a player trips another player to gain an advantage. 
  • Holding: Holding is when a player holds onto another player on the field to stop them from moving. 
  • Handling: Handling is when a player deliberately handles the ball (even if it was an accident).


Penalties and Shootouts


If the two teams are tied at the end of the full game, there are two additional ways to end the tie and declare a winner. These include: 

  • Penalty Shootout: In the penalty shootout, each team has five players take shots at the opposing team’s goal. The team with the most goals at the end of the five shots wins the match. 
  • Extra Time: In extra time, each team is given a chance to score. If the game is still tied after the allotted amount of time, the team that scored last is declared the winner.




Soccer is an exciting, fast-paced game that can be played by anyone. It doesn’t matter if you’re young or old, tall or short, soccer is a sport for everyone. Thanks to its low barrier to entry and active nature, it’s a great way for people of all ages to stay active and healthy. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a beginner, you can enjoy the game at any level. If you’re new to the sport, we encourage you to read up on the rules and terminology of the game. Collaborate with your teammates and study game film to get a better feel for the sport. With a little practice and perseverance, you’ll be scoring goals in no time. If you’re lucky enough to live near a field, head outside and start playing. The best way to learn is by experiencing the game first-hand. And if you’re a coach or an instructor, you can use the soccer rules and regulations to help your students understand and appreciate the game even more.

How To Easily Master Mental Toughness for Soccer Success
A Guide To Analyzing the Impact of VAR in Modern Soccer
Unlock the Strategic Brilliance of Soccer Wingers
Soccer's Offside Rule: A Quick Overview for New Fans
Unveiling the World's Biggest & Exciting Soccer Rivalries
Ignite Your Team's Potential With Soccer Coaching Techniques
The Best Soccer Matches Of All Time: Reliving the Magic