A Simple Guide To American Football Rules And Regulations

Author: Jomathews


Advertisement

When it comes to the world of sports, few have as passionate a following as American football. In its various forms and formats, American football is played at amateur and professional levels all over the world. From high school to college to the NFL, the popularity of the sport shows no signs of slowing down. The game is constantly evolving, and new rules are often implemented to make the game safer for players. Despite its physical nature, football is a very strategic sport, and it’s no surprise that many people want to learn how to coach. Coaching high school or college teams requires a license, but you can still coach youth sports without one. From colleges to high schools, from semi-pro leagues to indoor tackle or flag leagues – there are plenty of opportunities for people to play or watch this exciting game. But with so many rules and regulations involved in the game, it can be tricky for those who are new to understand what’s going on. That’s why we’ve put together this handy guide to explaining some of the basics you need to know about American football rules and regulations. So read on for useful insight into America’s favorite sport.

 

What is American Football?

 

American football is a type of full-contact sport played between two teams of 11 players. The teams attempt to score points by advancing the ball towards the opponent’s end zone. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins. The game is divided into a series of periods called ‘quarters,’ and each period ends with either a touchdown or a field goal. A touchdown earns the team six points, and a field goal, which is kicking the ball between the posts of an imaginary three-point field goal, earns the team three points. The game is played on a field that is 100 yards long and 53.33 yards wide. The field is split lengthwise into an ‘end zone at each end. The scoring area is the ‘end zone, and the ‘goal line is the line at the end of the end zone. The team that's defending the goal line has to take the ball away from the team attacking the line to earn a ‘touchdown.’ If the team that's defending the goal line is unable to take the ball away, then the attacking team earns a ‘touchdown’ by crossing the goal line with the ball.

 

The Field

 

The field is divided lengthwise into two halves, with each half being further divided into two ‘ends.’ The ‘ends’ are where the team that kicks off the ball (the ‘kicking team’) starts, and the ‘ends’ are where the team that receives the ball (the ‘receiving team’) starts. The ‘ends’ are also where the ‘goal line is located. The ‘goal line is the line at the end of each ‘end’ and is the area where the team that’s attacking the line has to earn a ‘touchdown’ by crossing the line with the ball. The ‘end zone is the area at each ‘end’ behind the ‘goal line and is where points can be scored. The field is also marked with the ‘yard lines’ where the offensive and defensive teams line up at the start of each play.

 

The Players

 

The team that kicks off the ball is known as the ‘kicking team,’ and the team that receives the ball is known as the ‘receiving team.’ The team that kicks off the ball and tries to advance the ball towards the opponent’s ‘end zone is referred to as the ‘offense,’ and the team that receives the ball and tries to keep the ball away from the offense is referred to as the ‘defense.’ The players on the ‘offense’ team are the ‘quarterback,’ ‘running backs,’ ‘fullbacks,’ ‘wide receivers,’ ‘tight ends,’ and ‘offensive linemen.’ They are the ones who try to advance the ball towards the opponent's end zone. The players on the ‘defense’ team are the ‘linebackers,’ ‘cornerbacks,’ ‘safeties,’ and ‘defensive linemen.’ They are the ones who try to keep the ball away from the ‘offense.’

 

The Scoring

 

The team that kicks off the ball tries to earn as many points as possible by advancing the ball as close to the opponent's end zone as possible. The team that receives the ball tries to thwart the advance of the ‘kicking team’ by trying to either make the ‘kicking team’ kick the ball out of bounds (‘kickoff’) or stopping the ‘kicking team’ from advancing the ball as close to the ‘end zone as possible. The team that receives the ball also tries to earn points by either kicking the ball through the ‘goalposts’ (‘field goal’) or crossing the ‘goal line with the ball (‘touchdown’). To earn a ‘touchdown,’ the ball has to be in possession of a player who is either in the ‘end zone or has the ball break the imaginary goal line with his ‘feet’ (shin pads are not allowed to touch the ground). A ‘touchdown’ is worth six points. A ‘field goal’ is worth three points.

 

The Game Clock

 

The game is played in ‘quarters,’ and the amount of time that each ‘quarter’ lasts depends on the level of the game being played. The timekeeper’s job is to make sure each ‘quarter’ runs smoothly and that the ‘quarterback’ is aware of how much time he has to call his next play. The ‘quarterback’ also has to make sure he’s aware of how much time each ‘quarter’ lasts. At the beginning of each ‘quarter,’ the timekeeper starts a ‘game clock’ that runs the length of each ‘quarter.’ At the end of each ‘quarter,’ the ‘game clock’ stops, and the game clock is started again by the ‘game clock operator at the beginning of the next ‘quarter.’ At the end of each ‘quarter,’ the ‘game clock operator’ also stops the ‘game clock’ and then restarts it again once the next ‘quarter’ begins. The ‘game clock operator’ may also restart the ‘game clock’ if a ‘time out is called by the ‘coach’ of either team or if an official has called a ‘delay of gameplay. The ‘quarterback’ is responsible for making sure the ‘game clock operator is aware of the amount of time left in the ‘quarter’ so he can start the ‘game clock’ at the beginning of each ‘quarter.’

 

Touchdowns and Points

 

A ‘touchdown’ is worth six points. To earn a ‘touchdown,’ the ball has to be in possession of a player who is either in the ‘end zone or has the ball break the imaginary goal line with his ‘feet’ (shin pads are not allowed to touch the ground). A ‘touchdown’ is scored by either a) taking a ‘snap’ from the ball-yard line (the yard line where the ball is placed after a ‘touchdown’) and then either running with the ball across the ‘goal line’ or b) throwing or ‘passing’ the ball to another player who has run across the ‘goal line. If the ball is not in possession of a player who is either in the ‘end zone or has the ball break the imaginary ‘goal line with his ‘feet,’ then a ‘field goal’ is scored by kicking the ball through the ‘goalposts.

 

Downs and Plays

 

The ‘offense’ has four ‘downs’ to earn as many points as possible by advancing the ball as close to the opponent’s ‘end zone as possible. If the ‘offense’ is unable to advance the ball past the ‘yard line where the ‘ball was placed after the ‘touchdown’’ or ‘yard line where the ‘ball was placed after a ‘fumble.’

 

Conclusion

 

When it comes to sports, no one can touch American football. The game is incredibly popular and is played in countless ways across the United States. In many states, high school, college, and semi-professional teams play their games indoors in gymnasiums or stadiums. In other states, outdoor football games are played on fields and grass. Another option is flag football, which is a more simplified version of the game. Regardless of what type of football team you join, there are always certain football rules and regulations that must be followed in order to play the game safely. While playing football is fun and exciting, it’s also important to be aware of the rules. This guide is here to show you how to play American football perfectly and safely.


Advertisement

Here Is The Complete List of NFL Football Penalties
Preview - IFAF Women's American Football Championships 2022
Here Are The 5 Greatest Players In NFL History
Stanley Cup Final 2022 Preview: Tampa Bay vs Colorado
What Can The Fans Expect From NFL Draft 2022?
Super Bowl Commercials - The Best And The Worst
Rams vs. Bengals Super Bowl - A Top Team vs. Underdog