Your Complete Guide To Soccer Penalty Rules

Author: Jomathews


It is arguably the most controversial regulation of soccer (association soccer) to deal with soccer penalties. Awarding a penalty kick is often a controversial decision and is usually a game-changer. Fans and players are heartbroken by this experience when they concede a penalty. The finger pointed straight at the soccer penalty mark is usually accompanied by a stern gesture. It is an 11-meter spot marked with a white paint marker.

Referees have the potential to severely punish anyone who commits a penalty. In the case of direct free-kick offenses committed inside or outside of the player's penalty area, a penalty will be imposed.

It gets even better:

  • If a player violates the rules of the game, the referee must decide. It depends on whether the offense occurred within the rectangular penalty area.
  • A direct shot at goal is almost certain to be awarded to the player if the official blows the whistle if the team did so. A penalty taker will then be nominated by the team.
  • The kicker will pick a strategy that gives them their best chance of kicking and netting the ball from the spot.


Here are the rules for kicking soccer penalties


The referee of a soccer match faces a penalty situation. How does he prepare for it? Before players take a soccer penalty kick, the match official will clarify each point.

  • When the ball is placed on the penalty mark (no movement is permitted), it must remain stationary until it is kicked. The goal posts and net must also be still (e.g., not moving). Identifying the penalty kicker for the upcoming shot at goal will be the next step by the match official.
  • To prevent a pass from reaching the goalkeeper, the goalkeeper must stand between the goalpost, facing the kicker. It is the goalie's responsibility to remain between the goalposts until the shooter kicks the ball so that the goalie can see the ball off.
  • A minimum distance of 9.15 meters (10 yards) must be maintained between all players except the goalkeeper and penalty kicker. Until the kicker shoots the ball on the field, they must remain outside of the penalty box. At this point, the keeper can only move sideways on the goal line (not forward).


Penalty Spot Yards:


  • After taking a penalty, the player shoots the ball toward the goal from a distance of 10.97 meters (12 yards) away.
  • Kicking the ball forward is the penalty taker's responsibility. The ball can, however, be backheeled, provided it continues to move forward.
  • There can only be one touch of the ball by the kicker during a soccer penalty until another player touches it. Upon being kicked and moving, the ball becomes live.
  • As the penalty taker kicks the ball, at least part of one foot must touch the goal line (or near it).

A penalty kick is completed when one of the following occurs:

  • Suddenly, the ball stops moving.
  • Any other offense results in the referee stopping play.
  • Penalty spot kicks result in a goal if they enter.
  • If the goalkeeper saves it. 


Penalty Kicks Extra Time


Players can be allowed additional time to complete kicks by the referee. During extra time and at the end of each 45-minute half of normal play, this particular penalty rule is in effect.

Once the ball has been kicked and extra time has been allowed, the play is complete only when either of the following occurs:

  • In this case, the ball goes out of play or stops moving.
  • Besides the goalkeeper, any player can play the ball (including the kicker).
  • When the kicker or one of his teammates commits an offense, the referee ends the play.
  • There are instances when a penalty can be retaken. Depending on whether a defender (including a goalie) misses or saves a penalty, this could happen.


Infringements of Spot Kick Rules in Soccer


The referee blows the whistle before a player enters the penalty area (or penalty arc), then what happens? The referee allows retaking the penalty if a goal was not scored as per FIFA Law 14. What if the kicker's teammates enter the area or arc after the referee blows the whistle and before the actual kick? In this case, the ref can:

  • Make the team retake the penalty - even if they score a goal.
  • Award an indirect free-kick to the defending team if they failed to score (e.g., missing the penalty).


FIFA Rules on Feinting a Penalty Spot Kick


It is allowed for players to use a 'feinting strategy' when taking a penalty kick to confuse an opponent. As a result, if the referee believes it is an unsporting act, they can caution the kicker.

A penalty kicker who performs an illegal feint will always result in an indirect free kick. Regardless of whether the player scored a goal, this would still be the result.

It cannot be 'deliberately' stopped at the end of a play to profit from a feint (e.g., misrepresenting the keeper). It is a deliberate violation of the official Laws of the Game. Yet, it can be hard to detect sometimes despite this. It would be ruled unsporting behavior by the referee. As a result, the player would receive a yellow card and lose a second opportunity.


What Are Your Chances of Passing Penalty Kicks?


It's something that's not widely known about penalty kicks. However, it is possible to do that. It can't be taken during a penalty shootout, it must be taken in a regular game. The modern game rarely sees this kind of play. This penalty kick technique has been used by some flamboyant players. It was usually done to get a teammate on the score sheet.


Rebounds from Penalty Kicks: Do They Work?


It could count under specific circumstances, although the simple answer is yes. The penalty must be one taken during a normal game (not a shootout). For the ball to be able to reach another player (for example, the defending goalie), it must first make contact with that player. Yes, you can shoot on the rebound if that happens. 




It was in 2017-18 that the International soccer leagues began using the ABBA penalty shootout system. In a shootout, it was necessary to lower the pressure placed on the side that would always take the second kick. Before this system, teams took turns shooting. The first team to shoot would be determined by a coin toss. Teams A, B, and A would proceed first, for example. The new rules for soccer penalty shoot-outs require teams to take two pairs of kicks after the initial kick. The first team shoots, followed by the second team. After that, the following teams go up again: team B then teams A, and 'ABBA.' However, this has been scrapped at the moment. And now, during a penalty shootout, each team player goes one after the other. And whoever scores more goals out of the first 5 penalties wins the game. 


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